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Preparing Windows PE : Working with Windows PE (part 1) - Adding Optional Components

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Most Windows PE tasks have just a few basic steps. Applications and customizations might vary the process somewhat, but the basic process is the same. This section gives you an overview of the Windows PE build process.


Applying Windows PE

After you create the Windows PE build environment, the first step in creating a new Windows PE build is to apply the Windows PE base image to the build. This process essentially copies the Windows PE source files from the .wim image file to the build folder. Use ImageX to apply the Windows PE base image. See the “What is ImageX” in the Windows Automated Installation Kit User’s Guide for more information about ImageX and .wim image files. An example of the command to apply the base image is shown here (where 1 is the image number within Winpe.wim to be applied and c:\winpe_x86\base is the path in which to copy the image contents):

imagex /apply .\x86\winpe.wim 1 c:\winpe_x86\base

Note

.\x86\winpe.wim specifies the location of the .wim file for the x86 platform within the PETools folder. You must create the base subfolder in the C:\winpe_x86 folder before running this command.


Adding Optional Components

This Windows PE base image includes a number of pre-staged application support components; you can add more if they are available. To import an additional component or language pack to the base Windows PE build image, use the Peimg.exe command.

Before you can install a component or language pack, you must first import it. This process makes the component or language pack part of the base build image’s component store. If you don’t install the component, it will be removed from the final image when it is captured. Once you have imported all required components, you must install them to make them part of the final Windows PE build.

To import a component into the component store
1.
List the components, or packages, in the component store to see if the component is already present by running the following command (see the sidebar “Pre-Staged Components” for descriptions of these components):

peimg /list c:\winpe_x86\base

This command displays a list of packages in the current image. A plus sign (+) in the INS column indicates installed packages and a minus sign (-) indicates not installed packages. For more information about Peimg.exe, see the “PEImg Command-Line Options” in the Windows Automated Installation Kit User’s Guide.

2.
Use the Peimg.exe command to import the component. The following command imports the French Base Language Pack for Windows PE from the Windows AIK DVD (D: in this instance):

peimg /import=D:\winpe_langpacks\x86\fr-fr\lp.cab c:\winpe_x86\base

Note

Many components you can import also include their own language packs. For instance, the base components included with Windows PE have language packs on the Windows AIK DVD. Be sure to import the applicable accompanying language packs so that you can use the components in the language you require.


To install a component that is already in the component store
1.
List the components in the component store to get the full name of the component to be installed. You can also use the component names described in the sidebar “Pre-Staged Components.”

2.
Use the Peimg command to install the component that you imported. The following example installs language packs into the build:

peimg /install=Microsoft-Windows-WinPE-LanguagePack-Package c:\winpe_x86\base

Note

You can use wildcards in the install command. Using the string /install=*LanguagePack* in the preceding example would install all imported language packs.


How It Works: Pre-Staged Components

The base Windows PE image in the Windows AIK build includes a number of pre-staged components. These components have been imported into the base component store, but are not actually installed into the image. When you prepare and capture the image, these components will be removed if not installed using the peimage /install command. Components included with (but not installed into) the base image include:

  • WinPE-HTA-Package HTML Application support)

  • WinPE-MDAC-Package Microsoft Data Access Component support

  • WinPE-Scripting-Package Windows Script Host support

  • WinPE-SRT-Package Windows Recovery Environment component

  • WinPE-XML-Package Microsoft XML (MSMXL) Parser support

You can apply additional components, language packs, and device drivers to the image as well.


Copying Applications

You can also copy applications into the Windows PE image build so that you can use them during the Windows Vista implementation process.

To copy an application into a base build
1.
Use operating system copy commands to copy the application to the appropriate location:

xcopy /chery myapp.exe “c:\winpe_x86\base\program files\myapp\myapp.exe”

Adding Device Drivers

Windows PE can make use of Windows Vista device drivers to provide hardware support for Windows Vista installation processes. Use the Peimg command to add device drivers to the base Windows PE build (offline), where path is the path containing the device driver .inf files:

peimg /inf=path c:\winpe_x86\base

Windows PE can also add device drivers dynamically when running (online). Use the drvload.exe command to load device drivers while operating:

drvload.exe path[,path]

Installing Updates

You install updates to Windows PE using the same process by which you add components: You import them into the component store, and then you install them.

To install a Windows PE update to the build
1.
Import the update using the Peimg tool, where update.cab is the name of the file containing the update:

peimg /import=update.cab c:\winpe_x86\base

2.
List components to get the full name of the update:

peimg /list c:\winpe_x86\base

3.
Install the update, where full_name_of_update is the name of the update you found in step 2:

peimg /install=full_name_of_update c:\winpe_x86\base

Other -----------------
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- Maintaining Security : Maintaining High Security, Setting Internet Explorer Security
- Maintaining Security : Restricting Access on the Computer
- Preparing Windows PE : Setting up the Environment
- Preparing Windows PE : Exploring Windows PE
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