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Working with the User State Migration Tool (part 4) - Applying the Data and Settings Using LoadState

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8/6/2013 9:42:36 AM

4. Applying the Data and Settings Using LoadState

If you've captured the user state data with ScanState, you can restore it with the LoadState command. However, before you can use the LoadState command, you need to ensure it and other required files are accessible on the target computer. The easiest way to do so is to copy the files to the C: drive in a folder named C:\usmt. You can use the same steps to copy the files to the destination computer as you used to copy them to the source computer. Alternately, you can copy the files onto a USB drive and use them from there. You also need a copy of the USMT store created from the ScanState command.

This section assumes the following:

  • The USMT files are in the C:\usmt folder.

  • The user state data is in the C:\usmtStore folder.

If your files are located somewhere else, you'll have to modify the commands appropriately. The basic syntax of the LoadState command looks like this:

LoadState <store path> [switches]

4.1. Common LOADSTATE Switches

Just as the ScanState command has several switches you can use, the LoadState command also has several switches. Table 8 shows common switches associated with the following typical LoadState command:

c:\usmt>LoadState C:\USMTStore /i:migdocs.xm1 /i:migapp.xm1

/v:5 /l:myscanstate.1og /lac

Table 8. Basic LoadState switches
SwitchDescription
/i:<fi1e name>
/i:c:\usmt\migdocs.xml
/i:c:\usmt\migapp.xml

You use the /i switch to specify the path and XML filenames that include the rules for migration. It's common to use the MigDocs.xml and MigApp.xml files for the migration. These files include rules that will locate user data and application data.
/v:<1eve1>
/v:5

The /v switch enables verbose output in the log file. The default verbosity level is 0 and the highest is 13. You can use 0, 1, 4, 5, 8, 9, 12, or 13.
/l:<1og fi1e name>
/l:MyLoadState.1og

The /l switch specifies the location and name of the log file.
/lac[:<password>]

The local account create (/lac) switch creates the local accounts if they don't already exist. They start disabled and will have a blank password if the password is not included. If you're using a script, we don't recommend that you include the password since the password will be in clear text. Also, this is the same password that is used for all accounts.
/lae

You can enable the local user accounts that are created with the /lae switch. You must include the /lac switch when using the /lae switch.

4.2. Using the /auto Switch

You can use the /auto switch in the LoadState command the same way you can use it with the LoadState command. Table 9 shows the switches used with the following command:

C:/>c:/usmt/1oadstate /auto:c:/usmtX c:/USMTStore /l:my1oadstate.log /lac

Table 9. Using the LoadState /auto switch
SwitchDescription
/autoUsing the /auto switch without a directory path causes it to set the directory path to the location where the U SMT files are installed (if they were installed rather than just copied). If you have local users to migrate, you must include at least the /lac switch.
/auto:c:XusmtIf you specify a path with the /auto switch, it will use this path to locate and use the MigDocs.xml and MigApp.xml files.

5.3.4.3. Decrypting the Migration Store

If you encrypted the migration store with the ScanState tool, you'll need to decrypt it using the /decrypt switch. The following command will decrypt the store using the default encryption method with a password key of P@ssw0rd. The switches are explained in Table 10.

C:/>c:/usmt/1oadstate /auto:c:/usmt/ c:/USMTStore /1:my1oadstate.1og

/decrypt /key:P@ssw0rd

Table 10. LoadState decryption switches
SwitchDescription
/decryptDecrypts the migration store. If you specified the encryption algorithm when creating the store, you need to include it when decrypting it. You must specify either the /key or /keyfile option when decrypting the store to identify the correct password.
/key:KeyString
/key:"my P@ssw0rd"

Specifies the decryption key. This is the same key used to encrypt the store. If the encryption key has a space, it needs to be enclosed in quotes.
/keyfile:FileNameSpecifies the location and name of a TXT file containing the decryption key.

4.4. Retrieving Data from a Hard-Link Migration

If you used the /hardlink switch to create a hard-link migration store, you can use the /hardlink switch with the LoadState command, as shown with the following command:

C:\>c:\usmt\loadstate /auto:c:\usmt\ /hardlink c:\HardLinkStore

/l:myscanstate.log /nocompress /lac

Table 11 shows the switches used with the /hardlink option. Notice that you must use the /nocompress switch when using the /hardlink switch.

Table 11. LoadState /hardlink and /nocompress switches
SwitchDescription
/hardlinkEnables hard links for a noncompressed store. This is only used for PC refresh scenarios.
/nocompressSpecifies that the migration store is not compressed.

4.5. Retrieving Data from Windows.old

If you performed a refresh and the installation created the Windows.old folder, you can use ScanState and then LoadState to retrieve and then restore the data. The Windows.old file doesn't exist before you refresh the computer, so you don't execute the ScanState command before the installation. Instead, you execute both commands after the refresh with Windows 7 running on the system.

The following is a sample ScanState command that will retrieve the data from the Windows.old folder.

C:\c:>c:\usmt\scanstate c:\usmtstore /auto:c:\usmt\

 /offlinewino1d:c:\windows.oldXwindows

/hardlink c:\HardLinkStore /l:myscanstate.log /nocompress

If you have EFS encrypted files in the Windows.old folder, you can add the /efs switch with this command:

C:\>c:\usmtXscanstate c:\usmtstore /auto:c:\usmt\

/off1inewino1d:c:\windows.o1d\windows

/hardlink c:\HardLinkStore /l:myscanstate.1og /nocompress /efs:hard1ink

You can then use this command to load the user state data:

c:\>c:\usmt\1oadstate c:\usmtstore /auto:c:\usmt\ /1ac /hard1ink /nocompress

					  

Table 12 shows the switches used with the /offlinewinold option. Notice that you must include the path to Windows within Windows.old as Windows.old\windows.

Table 12. Offline Windows folder switches
SwitchDescription
/offlinewino1d:<windows.o1d path>
/offlinewino1d:c:\windows.o1d\window

This switch points to the location ofthe Windows.old foIder. Normally this is named Windows.old, but if there are multiple Windows.old folders, they are named as Windows.old.000, Windows.old.001, and so on.
/nocompress

Specifies that the migration store is not compressed.

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