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Installing Exchange Server 2010 : Deploying Active Directory from Scratch (part 2) - Promoting a Windows Server 2008 Server to a Domain Controller

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3/20/2011 9:58:56 PM

Promoting a Windows Server 2008 Server to a Domain Controller

As previously stated, in this example we are creating a new Active Directory environment, creating a new forest and domain, and installing a new domain controller in that domain. This is accomplished by using the Active Directory Domain Services Installation Wizard.

1.
The installation wizard can be started from the Add Roles option on the Initial Configuration Tasks window, but the easiest way is simply to kick off the wizard from a command prompt. To do so, from the Start menu select Run, type DCPROMO in the text box, and then click OK. This installs the Active Directory Domain Services binaries and starts the Installation Wizard.

2.
When the wizard starts, select Use Advanced Mode Installation and click Next.

Note

There are many improvements in the Active Directory Domain Services Installation Wizard in Windows Server 2008. While all of these improvements are available by default, some of the wizard pages will appear only if the administrator selects Use Advanced Mode Installation.

Advanced mode installation can also be selected by running the DCPROMO command with the /ADV switch (dcpromo /adv).

3.
On the Operating System Compatibility screen, read the information and then click Next.

4.
At the Choose a Deployment Configuration screen, for our purposes, we select Create a New Domain in a New Forest and click Next. Other available options enable you to modify an existing forest by adding a new domain controller in a new or existing domain.

5.
Enter the fully qualified domain name (FQDN) of the Forest Root Domain and click Next. For our example, we use companyabc.lab.

6.
Enter the Domain NetBIOS name. A default name is suggested for you, derived from the Forest Root Domain name in the previous step. In our example, the suggested domain name is COMPANYABC. When you have the domain name entered, click Next.

7.
Set the Forest Functional Level. For our purposes, we cannot set the level to Windows 2000, as Exchange Server 2010 requires at least Windows Server 2003 or higher. If you are certain your environment will not contain any Windows Server 2003 domain controllers in the future, you can set it to Windows Server 2008. For our test installation, we select Windows Server 2003 and click Next to continue.

8.
Set the Domain Functional Level. As above, we will select Windows Server 2003 and click Next.

9.
Microsoft recommends that you install DNS server on the first domain controller, and requires that this server be a Global Catalog. Leave the default settings and click Next to continue. Electing to install Microsoft DNS on the new domain controller will also modify the server’s TCP/IP properties to use the new DNS installation for name resolution.

10.
If your computer has any IP addresses (either IPv4 or IPv6) that are assigned by a DHCP server, you will receive a notice that static IP addresses should be assigned to all network adapters. Check your IP settings and continue when ready.

11.
If no authoritative parent DNS zone exists, you receive the warning shown in Figure 3.

Figure 3. DNS installation error message.


In our example, we are not integrating with an existing DNS infrastructure, so we will simply click Yes to continue.

12.
Depending on your server configuration design, select the location where the AD databases will be located. Using the Browse buttons, select the locations for your Database, Log files, and SYSVOL folders. When ready, click Next.

Note

When configuring AD database locations, make sure that your server hardware configuration plan takes recoverability and performance into account.

For best performance, install the AD databases on a separate hard disk than the server operating system and server page file.

For best recoverability, use disk fault tolerance such as RAID or disk mirroring for the AD databases.

13.
Assign a password to the Directory Services Restore Mode Administrator account. This account is used in the event that you have to start the domain controller in Directory Services Restore Mode. This password should be a strong password, containing a combination of upper and lower-case letters, numbers, and special characters. The password should be documented and stored in a secure location. Enter the Directory Services Restore Mode Administrator password and click Next.

14.
Review the selections you have made. In the future, when creating additional domain controllers that will be similar to one another, you can export the settings to an “answer file” that you can use for future unattended installations. If you need to make any changes, use the Back button to go to the section you want to change, then use the Next button to return to the review screen. When ready, click Next to continue.

15.
The installation wizard now installs DNS and the Active Directory Domain Services. When the installation has completed, click Finish to close the wizard, and then click Restart Now to restart the server.

When the server has rebooted, log on to the new domain. Your default administrator account will now be a domain administrator, and the password is the same. Take the time to review the server’s Event Viewer application and system logs to identify any errors or potential problems with your installation before continuing.

Other -----------------
- Planning Your Exchange Server 2010 Installation
- Installing Exchange Server 2010 : Understanding Role Based Access Control
- Windows Server 2008 R2 : Traditional VPN Scenario (part 5) - SSTP Troubleshooting
- Windows Server 2008 R2 : Traditional VPN Scenario (part 4) - Testing the VPN Connection & Controlling Unhealthy VPN Clients
- Windows Server 2008 R2 : Traditional VPN Scenario (part 3) - Setting Up the RRAS Server & Setting Up the VPN Client
- Windows Server 2008 R2 : Traditional VPN Scenario (part 2) - Setting Up the Network Policy Server & Configuring the Network Policy Server
- Windows Server 2008 R2 : Traditional VPN Scenario (part 1) - Setting Up the Certificate Server & Certificate Autoenrollment
- Installing Exchange Server 2010 : Understanding the Active Directory Requirements for Exchange Server 2010
- Installing Exchange Server 2010 : Understanding the Prerequisites for Exchange Server 2010
- Installing Exchange Server 2010 : Understanding the Exchange Server 2010 Server Roles
 
 
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