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Mix and Match with Old Windows and Macs : Installing Optional Network Components

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11/11/2013 2:25:56 AM

Windows 7 comes with some networking features or services that are not used in most networks but can be essential in others. I don’t cover these features in great detail because your network manager will probably install them for you if they’re used on your LAN.

Table 1 describes the optional features. Not every component is available on every version of Windows 7.

Table 1. Windows 7 Optional Networking Features
Category/ComponentDescription
 Web and Application Services
Internet Information Services and Internet Information Services Hostable Web CoreIIS is a full-featured web server. IIS can also be used by software developers as a platform for a new generation of peer-to-peer application software, which is why certain IIS components are provided with all versions of Windows 7. If you install an application that requires IIS, the application’s installer will most likely configure it for you.
Windows Communication Foundation HTTP ActivationThe HTTP Activation system can be used by .NET application software to run services on demand. This component is enabled by the application program(s) as needed. (This selection is located under Microsoft .NET Framework 3.0.)
Microsoft Message Queue (MSMQ) ServerMSMQ Server is a tool used primarily in distributed database applications. It is provided with Windows 7 primarily for use by software developers who are writing and testing such applications.
Subsystem for UNIX-based Applications (SUA)SUA provides a UNIX-compatible environment and toolkit that can be used to migrate UNIX applications and services to Windows.
 Management and Monitoring Tools
SNMP FeatureThe Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) is a remote monitoring and measurement tool used by some network-management systems.
WMI SNMP ProviderThis allows Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI) applications to access SNMP data.
Telnet ClientThis enables you to connect computers and network devices using a command-line interface. This service has significant network security risks and should not be enabled unless required by a network administrator.
Telnet ServerThis enables you or an administrator to log on to your computer remotely using only a command-line interface.
TFTP ClientThis can be used to retrieve files from a TFTP server. This tool is used primarily to test network boot servers or to retrieve network device firmware.
 Networking Services
Internet Printing ClientThis provides support for network- or Internet-hosted printers or printing services using the Internet Printing Protocol (IPP).
LPD Print ServiceThis service lets UNIX computers send print output to your Windows computer’s shared printers.
LPR Port MonitorThis enables you to send print output to network-connected printers or UNIX servers. (IPP, LPD, and LPR are found in the Print and Document Services list.)
RIP ListenerThis service is used to listen for network routing information in large networks. Don’t install it unless it’s required by your network administrator.
Services for NFSThis enables you to use files shared by NFS file servers (typically UNIX file servers).
Simple TCP/IP servicesThis suite of services performs simple functions for testing purposes, such as echoing data to a remote computer or generating a stream of data. Don’t install these services unless you’re instructed to do so by a network administrator. Hackers can use them to tie up your network with pointless traffic.
Reliable Multicast ProtocolThis network protocol is also called Pragmatic General Multicast, or RFC 3208. It may be required by certain file sharing or multimedia applications that transmit content to large numbers of computers at once.

To enable any of the components, click Start, Control Panel, Programs, Turn Windows Features On or Off. Check the box next to each desired feature, and then click OK.

The Reliable Multicast Protocol is installed using a different procedure from that used to install the other services listed in Table 1. If required, it can be installed for a specific network adapter using these steps:

1.
Click Start, Control Panel, View Network Status and Tasks (under Network and Internet), Change Adapter Settings.

2.
Right-click a network adapter and select Properties.

3.
Click Install. Select Protocol, and click Add.

4.
Select Reliable Multicast Protocol and click OK.
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